Care and Cure
What is a heart attack ?
“A heart attack (also called myocardial infarction) is when part of the heart muscle is damaged or dies because it isn't receiving oxygen. Oxygen is carried to the heart by the arteries (blood vessels). Most heart attacks are caused by a blockage in these arteries. Usually the blockage is caused by arteriosclerosis, which is the buildup of fatty deposits (called plaque) inside the artery. This buildup is like the gunk that builds up in a drainpipe and slows the flow of water.

Heart attacks can also be caused by a blood clot that gets stuck in a narrow part of an artery to the heart. Clots are more likely to form where atherosclerosis has made an artery more narrow”.
Symptoms of a heart attack

Chest Pain
Abnormal sweating
Abnormal Complexion.
Fever due to inflammatory heart disease.
Hiccough due to mitral Regurgitation or stenosis.
Distaste of mouth due to coronary insufficiency.
Tendency of Emesis.

The pain of a heart attack can feel like bad heartburn. Feel a pressure or crushing pain in your chest, sometimes with sweating, nausea or vomiting. Feel pain that extends from your chest into the jaw, left arm or left shoulder. Feel tightness in your chest. Have shortness of breath for more than a couple of seconds.

Don't ignore the pain or discomfort. If you think you are having heart problems or a heart attack, get help immediately. The sooner you get treatment, the greater the chance that the doctors can prevent further damage to the heart muscle.”


How to face a heart attack?

“Right away, call for an ambulance to take you to the hospital. While you wait for the ambulance to come, chew one regular tablet of aspirin. Don't take the aspirin if you're allergic to aspirin.

If you can, go to a hospital with advanced care facilities for people with heart attacks. In these medical centers, the latest heart attack technology is available 24 hours a day. This technology includes rapid thrombolysis (using medicines called "clot busters"), cardiac catheterization and angioplasty.

In the hospital, you might be given "clot busters" that reopen the arteries to your heart very fast. Nurses and technicians will place an IV line (intravenous line) in your arm to give you medicines. They will also do an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), give you oxygen to breathe and watch your heart rate and rhythm on a monitor”

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